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Spartan Doors Information

Spartan Doors Brochure

Capability Statement

Product Catalogue

Insurance Documents

Business Insurance

Work Cover Insurance

Quality Documents

ISO 9001: 2015 Certificate

Standard Warranty Certificate

General Documents

Credit Account Application Form

Customer Survey Form

Terms & Conditions

Privacy Policy

Vendor Form

Product Documents

Case Studies

Frame Order Forms

Bulk Frame Order Form

Frame Order Form

Custom Single Rebate Profile Order Form

Custom Double Rebate Profile Form 

New Generation Frame Order Form

Euroseal Frame Order Form

AFS Frame Order Form

Fire Rated Profile Forms

Fire Rated Single & Double Rebate Profile Guide

New Generation Fire Rated Profile Guide

Non-Fire Rated Profile Forms

Non-Fire Rated Single Rebate Profile Guide

Non-Fire Rated Double Rebate Profile Guide

New Generation Non-Fire Rated Profile Guide

Door Order Forms

Radiation Door Order Form

Special Options Form

Vision Panel and Air Grille Order Form 


Fire Door Brochure

Flushdoor Product Guide

Timber Finishes Guide

Offsite Profiling Brochure

Solid Core Door Brochure


New Standard Firecore Approved Hardware List

Frame Order Form Guide

Timber Door Product Care Guide

Door Frame Measurement Guide

Solid Core Door Measuring Guide

Disposal Guide

Life Safety Door Manual

Pyropanel Fire Door Installation Guide


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ACOUSTICS  Sound and control of sound.

ADHESIVE  Substance that holds material together.

AESTHETICS  Good taste in the appreciation of beauty.

ALUMINIUM  Light metal commonly used in door and window frames.

ARCHITECTURAL DOOR  Door built to standards higher than traditional or residential doors.

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE  Style of the door reflective of an historical era, period or school of design.

ASTRAGAL  Special molding attached to one in a pair of doors to them from sliding or swinging too far

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BACK DOOR  Door found in the rear of a home or building.

BACKSET  Measurement used on mortice locks and nightlatches.

BALLOON FRAME  Wood frame construction that carries the stud to the full height of the exterior wall.

BASE BLOCK  See Plinth Block.

BASE MOULDING  Moulding applies where the floor and wall meet, forming a visual foundation and a base to protect walls from kicks, bumps, furniture, and cleaning tools.

BATHROOM LOCK  Mortice lock used with thumbturn handles so occupant can lock the door from inside the bathroom.

BEVEL  To cut to an angle other than a right angle, such as the edge of a board or door.

BIFOLD  A door capable of being folded into two parts, as with doors that are hinged together.

BLIND MORTISE-AND-TENON JOINT  Joint where the tenon does not extend through the mortise and is invisible once completed.

BOOK SIZE  Height and width of a door prior to prefitting.

BOTTOM PLATE  Plate fastened to the bottom of a door to resist blows and scratches.

BOTTOM RAIL  Lower horizontal piece of a panel assembly, like a door or sash.

BRACE  Piece applied to an assembled window unit to maintain its squareness.

BRACED FRAME  See Platform.


BUTT  Door hinge, one leaf being morticed or routed into the door frame jamb and the other into the edge of the door.

BUTT HINGE  Designed for timber doors, purchased before assembly and fitted while doors are hung.

BUTT JOINT  Joint formed by square edge surfaces coming together.

BY-PASS DOOR FRAME  Interior door frame to accommodate two or more sliding doors that slide by each other in a horizontal direction.

BY-PASS SLIDING DOOR  One of two or more sliding doors that by-passes another door(s) in a door opening in a horizontal direction.

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CAMING  Roll formed metal banding that joins individual pieces of glass together in a decorative glass panel.

CAMS  Sealants positioned at various points down the faceplate of a lock to help create an even weatherseal, generally found on multi-point locks and PVCu doors.

CARBON STEEL  Alloy used in the manufacture of hardware for windows, usually coated to increase corrosion resistance.

CASING  Molding of varying widths and thicknesses used to trim out interior or exterior door openings.

CAVETTO  Simple concave molding.

CE MARKING  Manufacturer’s declaration that the product complies with European health, safety and environmental regulations.

CHECKING AND SPLITTING  Checking occurs when the wood or veneers separate horizontally to the grain and splitting occurs when there is a break vertically with the grain.

CHEVRON SLAT  A “V” shaped slat which assures maximum privacy and ventilation.

CLAD  To sheathe or cover a metal with a metal.

CODE  Collection of laws, regulations, ordinances, or statutory requirements adopted by government authorities.

COLD PRESS  A bonding operation in which an assembly is subjected to pressure without the application of heat.

COLONIAL  Characterization of the style of domestic architecture in America from the earliest colonies until the Neoclassical architectural period.

COMBUSTIBLE  Ability to be consumed by fire.

COMPRESSION ROLLERS  Sealants positioned at various points down the faceplate of a lock to help create an even weatherseal, generally found on multi-point locks and PVCu doors.

CONCAVE  Hollowed or rounded inward like the inside of a bowl.

CONDENSATION  Water vapor deposit from the air on any cold surface whose temperature is below the dew point.

CONDUCTION  Transfer of heat through matter, whether solid, liquid, or gas.

CONVECTION  Transfer of heat through a liquid or gas when that medium hits against a solid surface.

CONVEX  The opposite of concave; curving or bulging outward.

COPE  To cut or shape the end of a moulded wood member so that it will cover and fit the contour of the wall or other moulding.

COPING  Cutting the moulding to fit the pattern.

CORNER BLOCKS, MOULDED  Square blocks used in lieu of mitering the side and head casing. Also known as “turns the corner” for door and window casing.

COVE  Moulding with a concave profile used at corners particularly as a ceiling cornice. Small coves may be used as inside corner guard.

COVE AND BLEED  Moulding profile consisting of a ‘cove’ and a ‘bead’. Also referred to as glass bead or stop.

CROSS RAIL  Center most horizontal member.

CROSSBAND  In 5-ply construction, it is the layer of wood between the core and the face.

CROSSBUCK  Panels of a door separated by intersecting diagonal rails and so arranged to simulate a sawhorse.

CROSSETTES  Popular Georgian era decorating technique, accomplished by projecting “ears” formed by the casing at the top corners in a side of door trim.

CURTAIN WALL  Non-bearing wall between piers or columns.

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DADO AND LIP JOINT  See Rabbet Joint.

DADO JOINT  Rectangular groove across the grain of a wood member into which the end of the joining member is inserted, also called a house joint.

DADO TONGUE  See Rabbet Joint.

DEADBOLT  Rectangular or hook shaped metal at the center of a lock to add security.

DEADLOCK  Lock with only a bolt operated by a key, no latch.

DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, (HUD)  U.S. federal government organization whose mission is to increase homeownership, support community development and increase access to affordable housing free from discrimination.

DIAGONAL RAIL  Diagonal rail of a crossbuck or sawbuck of a panel or sash door.

DOOR BEVEL  Angled cut on the lock side of a door that enables it to swing free of the door frame during operation.

DOOR CHAIN  Fixture that enables the door to only be opened partially in order to identity visitors prior to entry.

DOOR CORE  Core placed inside the door to provide either strength or fire rating.

DOOR FACE  Wide flat surface of a door.

DOOR FRAME  Consisting of one header and two jamb legs and a strip of wood called a “stop” keeps the door from swinging through the frame.

DOOR HEIGHT  Vertical measurement of the door.

DOOR JAMB  Part of a door frame which surrounds and contacts the edges of the stiles and top rail of a door.

DOOR LIMITER  Fixture that enables the door to only be opened partially in order to identity visitors prior to entry.

DOOR PANEL  Sheet of thin lumber, plywood or composition material inserted into the frame.

DOOR RAILS  Top and/or bottom materials so the door can be field-trimmed for off-square replacement installations.

DOOR SKIN  Front or face panel made up of two plies or more of a flush door.

DOUBLE ACTION DOOR  Interior door with special hinges or pivots which allow the door to function in both directions.

DOVE TAIL JOINT  Joint formed by inserting a projecting wedge-shaped piece into a similarly shaped cut-out piece.

DOWELED EDGE JOINT  See Dowelled Joint.

DOWELLED JOINT  Joint using dowels or small rounded pegs of wood inserted into a hole of the same diameter.

DOWELS  Wood peg or pin used to strengthen a wood joint.

DRIP CAP  Moulding used to direct water away from a non-masonry-faced structure to prevent seepage.

DUMMY MULLION  Bar fixed onto the side of a French door or window to secure it in a locking fashion.

DUTCH DOORS  Exterior door with an upper and lower section that can be opened separately.

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EASED EDGE  Corner rounded or shaped to a slight radius to lessen splintering and paint failure.

EDGE JOINT  Joint made by bonding two pieces of wood together edge to edge, commonly by gluing.

EDGE VENEERS  Doors can be manufactured with vertical edge veneers such as oak or birch to match the veneer on the face of the door.

ELECTRIC STRIKE  Electronic device that allows unlocking of a door remotely.

END JOINT  Joint formed by the ends of wood pieces.

ENTRY DOOR  Door typically found in the front of a home or building.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION  State of the environment necessary for the support and comfort of the inhabitants, including air quality, light, food and temperature.

ESPAGNOLETTE  Term for multi-locks used on windows.

EURO PROFILE CYLINDER  Specifically shaped cylinder barrel that can used and fitted in many locks including multi-point and mortice locks.

EUROGROOVE  Standard 16mm groove on the inside of a PVCu or an aluminum door blade profile extrusion where a multi-point lock will be located.

EXTENSION JAMB  Flat parts which are nailed to the inside edges of the window or door frame so that it will fit a wider wall.

EXTERIOR THRESHOLD  Threshold non-symmetrically beveled, which, when secured to the exterior door frame sill and/or finished floor, prevents water from coming in under the door

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FACADE  Main or front elevation of a building.

FACE  Outer or exposed ply in cross banded construction.

FACE PANEL  See Door Skin.

FACEPLATE  Exposed surface in the door of a mortice or multi-point lock after installation.

FACING  Protective covering that protects the outside of a building.

FASCIA  Wood piece, surfaced four sides, used for the outer face of a “box cornice” where it is nailed to the ends of the rafters and “lookouts.

FENESTRATION  Placement or arrangement and sizes of the windows and exterior doors of a building.

FIBERGLASS  Most familiar type of insulation spun from molten glass and is pure white.

FINGER JOINTING  Method of joining wood pieces milled in the shape of fingers, which mesh together and are held firmly in position by a water-resistant adhesive.

FIRE DOOR  Doors are designed to meet independent testing facilities and government regulations for fire ratings.

FIRE RESISTANT  Ability of a material to resist catching on fire when exposed to a flame.

FIREPROOF CONSTRUCTION  Construction designed to withstand a complete burnout of the contents for which the structure was intended without impairment of structural integrity.

FLAG HINGE (FOR DOORS)  Hinge system used on PVCu doors enabling adjustment and easy installation.

FLASHING  Metal or plastic strip used to prevent water and air leakage between the window or door frame and the surrounding wall.

FLAT JAMB  Plain piece of lumber, not rabbeted or ploughed. Instead of a door rabbet, this jamb requires a door stop applied to prevent the door from swinging through.

FLAT SLICED  Veneers cut from a half log that produces a light variegated grain similar to sawn lumber.

FLEXIBLE SWEEP  Rubber or vinyl strip that easily bends and is applied to the bottom of a door to create an effective seal against the sill.

FLITCH  Complete bundle of thin veneer sheets laid together in sequence as they are cut from a given log or section of a log.

FLUSH DOOR  Flat-faced door that may have a variety of door facings and may be hollow-core or solid-core.

FOLDING DOOR  One of two or more sliding doors hinged to move laterally in an opening.

FOLLOWER  Square hole in the backset of mortice lock allowing the spindle to feed through for handle operation.

FRAME  Parts enclosing the window or door sash.

FRAME WALL  See Wood Frame Wall.

FRENCH DOOR  Interior or exterior door consisting of stiles, top and bottom rail and divided glass panels or lights.

FRONT DOOR  Door typically found in the front of a home or building.

FULLY REVERSIBLE WINDOW HINGES/STAYS  Allows a window to turn nearly full circle within the frame for easier exterior and interior window cleaning.

FURRING  Narrow strips of wood spaced to form a nailing base for another surface.

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GAP  Open splits in the inner ply or plies or improperly joined veneer when joined veneers are used for inner plies.

GOTHIC HEAD  Entrance or door head in the form of a pointed arch.

GRADE  Quality standard applied to a millwork product to distinguish one from another.

GRADE DOOR  Service door derives its name from usual installation of door at grade.

GROOVE  See Plough.

GROOVE AND RABBET JOINT  Rabbet Joint where the groove substitutes for the dado.

GYPSUM  Type of rock that provides excellent fire protection.

GRID (GRIDIRON)  Framework of steel or wooden beams over the stage used to support the sets of lines employed in flying scenery.

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HALF AND HALF HOUSE  House built with a combination of wood frame and masonry exterior walls, with the first level being masonry while the second is wood frame.

HANGING STILE  Door stile to which the butts or hinges are applied.

HARDBOARD  Generic term for a panel manufactured primarily from interfelted lignocellulosic fibers (usually wood), consolidated under heat and pressure in a hot press to a density of 496 kg/m3 (31 lb/ft3) or greater and to which other materials may have been added during manufacture to improve certain properties.

HAUNCHED MORTICE AND TENON JOINT  Mortice and tenon joint in which the tenon is not the same width as its wood piece.

HEAD CASING  Horizontal casing across the top of the window or door opening.

HEAT LOSS  Heat transmission rate multiplied by the area of the door.

HINGE JAMB  Side jamb in which the door hinges (butts) are applied.

HINGE STILE  Refers to the side jamb of a window or sash to which pulleys, balances or hinges are applied.

HINGED DOOR  Exterior or interior door hung by attaching butts to the stile so that the door swings on a vertical axis.


HIP RAISED DOOR PANEL  Raised door panel with the edges of the raised face perpendicular.

HOLLOW CORE DOOR  Type of door that has corrugated cardboard between the stiles and rails and is made up of an interior frame of stiles and rails, covered by a skin of veneer or hardboard, plastic, or metal.

HOOKBOLTS  Hook shaped bolts on a multi-point lock to assist in door compression and provide high level security against forced attack.

HORN  Extension of a stile jamb or sill.

HOUSED JOINT  See Dado Joint.

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INFILTRATION  Heat loss due to cold air filtering through cracks or spaces around an exterior door.

INSULATED CAVITY TYPE WALL  Wall that is constructed of a framework of wood or steel and has some form of insulation added between the framework to improve the energy efficiency of the wall.

INSULATION  Prevention of the passage or leakage of heat, moisture, sound, or electricity.

INTERIOR DOOR FRAMES  Door frame installed in the interior wall of a structure.

INTERMEDIATE RAIL  Horizontal member of a door located between the top and bottom rails.

IN-THE-WALL FRAME  See Pocket-Type Door Frame.

IRREGULAR HEAD DOOR FRAME  Door frame for a non-rectangular opening.

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JACK STUD  Vertical wood piece at each side of a rough door opening to support the header.

JAMB  Top and two side pieces of wood for a door or window.

JOIST  Heavy pieces of lumber or steel laid on edge horizontally to form the floor and ceiling support system.

JOURNAL SUPPORTED DOOR HINGE  Hinge used on external doors with high usage, providing minimum maintenance and maximum endurance.

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KDHW  Kiln Dried Hardwood. This process hardens and strengthens the wood, allowing it to be used for structural purposes. For example: Door edge strip.

KEEP  Metal plate or box receiving a projected latch or bolt in the lock.

KEY TO LOCK  Function that allows key to be removed from padlock only when the padlock is in the lock position.

KEYED ALIKE  One key opens/locks more than one padlock or lock.

KITEMARK  Mark of ISO 9001:2008 quality; piece passed rigorous.
certification requirements and is manufactured consistently at high quality levels.

KNOB LATCH SET  Door hardware for keeping a door closed with a spring activated latch bolt used with a knob.

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LAMINATED GLASS  Two layers of glass bonded together with tough plastic film to enhance safety.

LATCH SET  See Knob Latch Set.

LATCHBOLT  Reversible metal protrusion allowing for operation of the handle from either side.

LAYING PANELS  Grain of panel running horizontally.

LEVERS  Securing mechanisms in the lock; the more levers, the higher security level the lock provides.

LOCK BLOCK  Concealed block of wood or particleboard glued inside a door

LOCK RAIL  Intermediate rail of a door at lock height.

LOCKING POINT  Point at which the lock enters the outer frame of the door using a rectangular or hook-shaped bar.

LOUVRE  Door, bifold or shutter constructed with a series of downward-sloping, horizontal slats that allow ventilation, inhibit sunlight, and provide some privacy.

LUG  Extension of the stiles beyond the meeting rails of a sash, usually ogee-shaped and sawed ornamentally on the inside of the stile.

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MASONRY WALL  Wall consisting of clay, shale, concrete, gypsum, stone or other similar non-wood materials bonded together with mortar; the masonry units may be hollow or solid.

MASTER KEY  One key that operates multiple locks that each have their own individual key as well.

MECHANICAL WEAR  Continual physical contact with a material that eventually decreases its function.

MEDALLION  Raised decorative wood design sometimes used on flush doors.

MEDIUM DENSITY FIBERBOARD (MDF)  Generic name for a panel manufactured from wood fibers combined with a synthetic resin or other suitable binder and bonded together by applying heat and pressure in a press.

MESH  Number of meshes or open spaces per lineal inch in width and height in insect wire screening.

MINERAL CORE  Fire-rated core of a door available in 45, 60, or 90 minute versions.

MITER JOINT  Joining of two members at an angle that bisects the angle of junction.

MONOTONY  Uniformity or lack of variation.

MORTAR JOINT  Joint in a masonry wall created with a mixture of cement materials, fine aggregate, and water, to bond masonry units such as brick or cinder block together.

MORTICE LOCK  Lock occurs when bolt shoots out of the lock and into a striker plate when the key is turned; lock is in a “cutout” of the timber door edge.

MORTICE AND TENON  Joint formed by the end of one member being inserted into the mortise of the other member; the tenon may be secured in the joint by means of steel pins or nails.

MULLION  Vertical part of a sash, door, or window frame between openings when in a numerous opening frame.

MULTI-POINT LOCK  A mechanism with more than one locking point, used on PVCu or composite doors.

MUNTIN  Short bar, horizontal or vertical extending from a bar to a stile, rail or other bar.

MUSHROOMS  Sealants positioned at various points down the faceplate of a lock to help create an even weatherseal, generally found on multi-point locks and PVCu doors.

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NIGHTLATCH  Lock mounted on the surface of the door rather than inset in the edge of the door.

NOMINAL SIZE  As applied to timber or lumber, the size by which a piece is known that may not be the actual size.

NOMINAL THICKNESS  Often differs from actual thickness but how it is known and sold.

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OBSOLESCENCE  In the process of becoming out of usefulness.

OPEN MORTICE AND TENON JOINT  See Slotted Mortice and Tenon.

OVOLO  Convex profile about the size of a quarter section of a circle.

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PANEL  Wood surface within a surrounding frame. All panels have structural frames, the interstices of which are filled with sheets or fields called panels.

PARTICLEBOARD  Formed panel consisting of particles of wood flakes and shavings, bonded together with a synthetic resin or other added binder.

PAS23/24  Test that evaluates the durability and security of the entire door set instead of just the lock.

PATIO DOOR  See Terrace and French Door.

PEDIMENT  Low-pitched triangular entrance head or cap.

PERMANENCY  Durable and has long-lasting qualities.

PITCH  Accumulation of resin in the wood cells in a more or less irregular patch.

PIVOT WINDOW HINGES/STAYS  Hinge offering a high weight capacity for large glazed areas on high performance horizontal or vertical timber windows.

PLANK AND BEAM  Type of construction technique where planks and beams are utilized in a framework to provide the support structure for a house or building.

PLANK DOOR  Door made from planks.

PLANTED MOULDING  Moulding applied to a surface and projects or remains above it. Also known as a raised moulding, as opposed to a solid sticking or applied moulding.

PLATFORM  Wood frame construction that terminates the stud at each level. Also referred to as a western frame, repeat story frame or braced frame construction.

PLIES  Plural of Ply.

PLINTH BLOCK  Square block at the base of a pilaster of a block of wood placed at the bottom of side door casing to terminate the casing as well as the base.

PLOUGH  Rectangular groove or slot of three surfaces cut parallel or with the grain of a wood member, in contrast to “dado” which is cut across the grain.

PLOW  See Plough.

PLUG  Sound wood of various shapes for replacing defective wood portions which have been removed.

PLUMB  Exactly perpendicular or vertical or at right angles to the horizon or floor.

PLY  Refers to the number of veneers to make a plywood skin.

PLYWOOD  Crossbanded assembly of layers of veneer or veneer in combination with a lumber core or plies which are joined with an adhesive.

POCKET  Removable section of a pulley stile (side jamb) of a box window frame (pocket and pulley) which gives access to the weight box.

POCKET SLIDING FRAME  See Pocket-Type Door Frame.

POCKET TYPE DOOR FRAME  Interior door frame to accommodate a door that slides into a partition pocket-type door frames which are often sold as a unit consisting of an outside jamb, header assembly with door track attached, split jamb pocket assembly and hardware for a hanging door.

POLY VINYL CHLORATE UNPLASTICISED (PVCU)  Material used in the manufacture of doors and windows.

PREFIT  Trimming additional width or height off the nominal size of a door to make it fit in the frame better.

PREHUNG DOOR UNIT  Pre-cut and assembled unit consisting of a wood door with preparation for lock hardware that is hung on hinges in a wood frame.

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QUARTER SLICED  Veneers cut from a flitch or quarter log.

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RABBET  Rectangular cut consisting of two surfaces cut on the edge of a member parallel with the grain.

RABBET JOINT  Joint formed by the rabbet(s) on one or both pieces.

RAIL  Cross or horizontal pieces of a door’s framework.

RAISED PANEL DOOR  Door using a compressed hardboard door facing that has been hydraulically pressed to create a simulated raised panel design.

RECEIVER  Metal plate or box receiving a projected latch or bolt in the lock.

REVEAL  Margin visible between the window or door sash and the surrounding frame.

RIBBON STRIPE  Veneer figure which consists of alternate light and dark stripes running primarily the length of the veneer and produced by quarter sawing.

RIFT CUT  Veneer produced from a quarter log which shows an accentuated vertical grain.

RIGHT ANGLE JOINTS  90 degree joint formed by end to face, edge to face or edge to end of wood pieces; the joint may be formed with the grain, at right angles or parallel to it.

RIM LOCK  Basic security lock used on internal gates, doors or outlaying buildings.

RIM TYPE DOOR  Door with a framework only on the edges of the door.

ROTARY CUT  Veneer cut from a full log–like unwinding a roll of paper–which produces a wide and variegated grain pattern.

ROTARY CUT FACE VENEER  Veneer cut on a lathe which rotates a log or bolt against a broad cutting knife.

ROUGH OPENING  Refers to the finished, cut-out opening into which a door and frame will be fitted.

ROUNDED  See Eased Edge.

ROWER  Square hole in the backset of mortice lock allowing the spindle to feed through for handle operation.

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SADDLE  See Threshold.

SAFETY GLASS  Glass designed to reduce chance of injury when broken.

SAWBUCK  See Crossbuck.

SCARF JOINT  End joint formed by having the two ends of the members beveled to form sloping plane surfaces.

SCREEN DOOR  Usually occupying the exterior rabbet of an exterior door frame whose purpose is to keep out insects by means of insect wire screening while admitting the maximum amount of air.

SCREENING  Mesh of fine aluminum, galvanized steel or bronze wire.

SECONDARY GLAZING  Additional glazing to existing window to create a thermal or acoustic break.

SHEATHING Surface, usually of wood or fiberboard, applied to the exterior faces of the studs or wall frame.

SHOOTBOLTS  Used to further secure a door using multi-point locks by using an upwards movement of a sprung handle.


SIDE HUNG WINDOW HINGES/STAYS  Windows that swing outward and have no easy cleaning requirement.

SIDELITE  Assembly of stiles and rails, with or without a wood panel containing a single row of glass panels or lights.

SILL  Lower horizontal member of a window or sliding door frame.

SKID BLOCK  Small wood or metal block applied to the bottom edge of a ‘prefit door’ in order to prevent damage.

SKIN  See Door Skin.

SLAT  Thin narrow strip of wood used in door and window blinds, doors, transoms and louvers.

SLIDING DOOR  Door which slides in a horizontal direction parallel to a wall of the structure.

SLIDING DOOR, POCKET TYPE  Door which slides horizontally into a wall pocket or slot recessed into the wall of a structure imparts additional space to a room compared to the conventionally-hinged door since no swing space is required.

SLOTTED MORTICE AND TENON  Mortice and tenon right angle joint in which the tenon is visible on two edges once the joint is completed.

SNAP IN DOOR HINGE  Hinge used on commercial or residential lightweight internal doors.

SNAP LOCKING  Shackle is pushed in to the lock body to “lock” the padlock.

SNIB  Button or slider that keeps the latch back to prevent the door from slamming shut accidentally.

SOLID COMPOSITION PANEL  Panels made from finely granulated wood bonded with thermosetting resins of the phenol formaldehyde type.

SOLID CORE DOOR  Door with a solid interior made from composite wood, agri-fiber, wood staves, particleboard, or fire-rated mineral fiber.

SOLID CORE FLUSH DOOR  Flush door consisting of a core of solid wood blocks or strips with cross banding and face veneers or face veneers only.

SOLID STICKING  Mould or profile worked on the article itself.

SOLID STUCK  See Solid Sticking.

SOUND KNOT  Solid across its face, as hard as the surrounding wood, shows no indication of decay and may vary in color from natural color of the wood to reddish brown or black.

SPACER BLOCK  Thin strip of wood placed on the edges of a pre-hung door to take up the door clearance while in transit.

SPACER WAFERS  See Spacer Block.

SPINDLE  Square metal bar connecting the door handles on either side of the door via the follower. When door handle levers are pressed, the spindle rotates to release the door.

SPLINE JOINT  Joint formed by the use of a spline and also known as a slip tongue joint.

SPLIT JAMB  Interior or exterior jamb is composed of two halves that fit together.

SQUARE CUT  See Butt Joint.

STICKING  See Solid Sticking.

STILE  Upright or vertical framework pieces of a door.

STOP  Moulding primarily used in window and door trim that is positioned to stop the door or window sash from opening beyond a set point.

STORM DOOR  Panel or sash door occupying the exterior door frame to provide protection from cold weather.

STORM PANEL  Exterior covering, door, shutter, or sash to protect the window during a storm.

STRADDLE MOULDING  Two piece decorative glass bead-like moulding around the light opening of a flush door.

STRIKE JAMB  Jamb opposite the hinge jamb or a jamb on which the lock or passage-set strike plate is installed.

STRIKE PLATE  Metal piece morticed into or fastened to the face of a door frame side jamb to receive the latch or dead bolt when the door is closed.

STRIKER  Metal plate or box receiving a projected latch or bolt in the lock.

STRIKING STILE  Door stile containing the lock.

STUB TENON AND MORTICE JOINT  See Blind Mortise and Tenon Joint.

STUCCO  Exterior covering for walls created with a combination of sand, cement, and water and consists primarily of lime and aggregate in a Portland cement base applied onto a metal lath or wire fabric.

SUB-JAMB  Jamb-like piece, usually surfaced four sides, which increases or extends the width of the exterior door frame jamb.

SUNBURST  Semi-elliptical area, the lower center of which contains a sun-like figure with radiating sun rays.

SUNROOM  Glass enclosed porch or living room with a sunny exposure.

SWEEP  Rubber or vinyl strip applied to the bottom of a door to create an effective seal against the sill.

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TELEGRAPHING  State when the internal components of the door show through the veneer.

TEMPERED GLASS  Safety glass treated by heat to increase strength.

TENONS  Projecting tongue like piece of wood inserted into a slot of another to form a “mortice and tenon joint”.

TERRACE DOOR  Exterior door, normally glass, that opens onto a terrace, patio or deck.

THRESHOLD  Aluminum or wood member that is beveled or tapered on each side and used in interior and exterior door frames.

THRESHOLD SILL  Door sill with the threshold on it.

THUMBTURN CYLINDER  Knob on one end of the cylinder so that one side of the lock can be opened without a key.

TILT AND TURN WINDOW HINGES/STAYS  Used when windows cannot be opened outward.

TOENAIL  Act of driving a nail diagonally to fasten a vertical and horizontal piece together.


TONGUE AND GROOVE JOINT  Joint created by inserting the “tongue” of one piece of wood into the groove of another.


TOP HUNG WINDOW HINGES/STAYS  Outward opening windows that can be cleaned easily from the outside of the facility.

TOP RAIL  Top most horizontal piece of a sash, blind, door or other panel assembly.

TRANSOM  Horizontal piece separating a door from a window panel above the door or window.

TRANSOM SASH  Sash in the transom.

TRIM  Millwork to finish around windows, doors, walls, fireplaces and other pieces to provide a uniform look.

TRIMMING OUT  Installing the trim; commonly referred to as interior finish.

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U VALUE  Rate of heat loss. The lower the U-value, the greater resistance to heat and improved insulating value.

UNITED KINGDOM ACCREDITATION SERVICE  Assesses organizations against international standards for testing, inspecting, certification and calibration.

UPRIGHT PANEL  The grain of the panel runs vertically in the sheet.

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VENEER  Thin layer or sheet of wood, usually sawn, sliced or rotary cut from a log, flitch or bolt.

VERMICULITE  A hydrous, silicate mineral used in fire doors, due to its fire resistance and insulation properties.

VOID  An empty space or open area.

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WARRANTY  Statement of quality that goods will perform as designed.

WEATHERING  Disintegration or discoloring caused by exposure to sunlight and other environmental factors.

WEATHERSTRIP  Material that sits tightly against a seam to prevent air infiltration.

WOOD FRAME WALL  Wall framed or constructed from wood parts such as studs, plates and sheathing.

WOOD STAVE CORE  Small pieces of wood bonded together to form a core blank and then sanded to a uniform thickness.

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X-RAY DOORS  Doors designed to block x-rays with a lead insert.

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